Due to the fame of the CB radio and 10 meter radio growing parallel to each other, people have started considering these two devices one and the same thing. Even the modern salespersons are unaware of the fact that these two types of equipment are actually totally different from each other.
When it comes to a CB radio, it is known for the 11 meter band at 27 MHz that it is allowed to operate on. You will be able to access a total of 40 channels starting from 26.965 MHz on channel 1 to 27.405 MHz on channel 40. It is a band free for all and no license is required for its operation provided that you have not modified your radio in any way.
People are relatively free while working with a CB radio but the FCC does impose some limits here as well so that there are no violations of the FCC laws caused in any case. No CB radio can be operated with more than 4 watts of output power legally. Although range can be somewhat increased with good quality and compatible CB antennas but there are no other remedies allowed for increasing the output power.
On the other hand, 10 meter radio are allowed to be operated over the frequency range of 28 MHz to 29.7 MHz. The 10 meter radio frequency band defines these frequencies in detail and you need to have a license from the FCC for owning and operating a 10 meter radio. 10 meter band performs awesome if you want to communicate over long ranges. Its transmitting capacity is also far better than that of the CB radios.
This band was allocated by the International Radiotelegraph Conference on October 4, 1927 in Washington D.C. and allowed only the frequencies from 28000-30000 kc. Later on the International Radio Conference of Atlantic City declared the frequencies from 29.700 MHz to 30.000 MHz to be removed from the 10 meter band by 1947.
So what’s the problem?
CB’ers often try to get over the restrictions placed by the FCC and also feel quite deprived. Although these limitations are for ensuring the quality of communication over the CB but most of the users fail to realize this fact. Soon the CBers found out that they can have the features of a CB radio along with an enhanced transmitting power of up to 150 watts or above in one radio. This was possible actually because some manufacturers had started making weird generation of 10 meter radios that were exactly similar to the CB radios but were not certified by the U.S. government.
These radios are so powerful with respect to their output that they can even harm the human tissues as well. They have almost got the intensity of the microwaves produced in a microwave oven. If you are often sitting pretty near to the radio or its antenna for a long time, then your tissue damage can result into some kind of internal injury as well.
Due to these reasons, the FCC has kept the CB radio service effective only over short ranges and in this way, it prevents the users to make others’ lives miserable by operating a high power base stations that are hazardous to human health.
But the CB radio is very beneficial if it is used in its real capacity. It works great for localized communication. The range can be improved if you connect the best CB antenna with your radio and tune it in the most professional way.
Now that you know that the CB radios and 10 meter radios are two ends of the spectrum, you will be better able to make your next pick more wisely. It is however an admitted fact that 10 meter operations require strong technical skills and interest in the subject. So before you get your hands on one of the 10 meter rigs, make sure you are ready to bear the risks and responsibilities that accompany this convenience.by
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